Hilton Head IslandHilton Head Island is named for the English sea captain William Hilton who was hired by a syndicate of Barbadian planters. He sighted the high bluffs of the island in August of 1663 while exploring the Port Royal Sound, and named it "Hilton Head," which referenced the visible head lands of uncharted waters. Upon the onset of the American Revolutionary War, the colonists on Hilton Head sided with the patriots. During the war he British frequently raided Hilton Head Island from their stronghold located on Daufuskie Island, capturing slaves later selling them in the West Indies. The raids were constant throughout the war, even continuing after the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. Sea Island Cotton was grown on the banks of the Beaufort River as a lucrative crop. Once again, during the War of 1812 the British invaded Hilton Head Island and burned the town and most of the beautiful sea island homes. Thus, the old county records were lost.
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