The Fort Hill Mansion in Pendleton
By Jeannette Holland Austin
James McElhenny, pastor of Hopewell Presbyterian Church, built a four-room home in Pendleton ca 1803 and called it "Clergy Hall." Later, it was owned by Mr. John C. Calhoun who enlarged it to contain fourteen rooms and renamed it "Fort Hill." After the death of Calhoun in 1850, the property passed to his wife to be shared with three of her children: Cornelia, John, and Anna Maria, wife of Thomas Green Clemson. Anna sold her share to Floride Calhoun. Floride Calhoun sold the plantation to her son, Andrew Pickens Calhoun who and held the mortgage. There was a legal proceeding against Andrew Pickens Calhoun who died in 1865 and Anna filed for foreclosure against the heirs of Andrew prior to her death in 1866. After lengthy legal proceedings, the plantation was auctioned at Walhalla in 1872. The executor of the estate of Anna Calhoun won at auction, which was divided among her surviving heirs. Her daughter, Anna Clemson, received the residence with about 814 acres and remained in the house until about 1875 when she died. Thomas Green Clemson inherited "Fort Hill" and his last will and testament (1888) bequeathed more than 814 acres of the estate to the State of South Carolina for an agricultural college with the proviso that the dwelling house " shall never be torn down or altered; but shall be kept in repair with all articles of furniture and vesture; and shall always be open for inspection of visitors." Clemson University operates the Fort Hill house as a house museum.
Pendleton County DeedsCherokee Indians lived in this region long before the American Revolution. During the war for independence, the Cherokee's sided with Great Britain. It was this decision which led to the loss of their land then located in the northwestern corner of South Carolina. But two months of fight during the summer of 1776 between the local patriot militia and the Cherokees, defeated the Indians. In 1789 this land had became Pendleton County, later re-named Pendleton District. Today we know it as Anderson, Oconee and Pickens counties.
Pendleton County Records Available to Members of South Carolina Pioneers
- Index to Pendleton District Deeds for 1840
- Pendleton District Deeds (digital images) 1825 to 1831
These same transactions apply to Anderson County. Some of these deeds
include estate transaction. The names listed below are grantors. Other
names are included in each deed transaction.
- Bruster, John, LWT, transcript
- Burch, Henry, estate, 1823
- Liddell, Andrew, LWT, 1820
- Liddell, Moses, LWT, 1802
- Rogers, Hugh, LWT, 1801
- Pendleton County Land Grants, List of, Books A & B
Need to know if your ancestors left a will or estate record? An easy, quick (and free) way to find out is to click on the links below.
County Records of 8 Genealogy Websites
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